Looking at Freemasonry
through Christian Glasses
Many who participate in Freemasonry are initially confused by what
they see and hear. They believe that Freemasonry requires a belief in
God as a condition of membership. They attempt to interpret lodge
teachings, including Masonic teachings about the nature of the Masonic
god, through a Christian paradigm. If a man understands the
nature of God as revealed in the Scriptures and the nature of false gods
as revealed in the teachings of pagan religions, he will have the basic
information to know that the god of Freemasonry is not the God of the
Bible. Freemasonry teaches that all pagan gods are the same Spirit
as the God of Abraham, Isaac and Jacob.
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Many men who are recruited, or encouraged to petition the
Masonic Lodge for membership, join Freemasonry with the belief that
participation is consistent with a sincere expression of faith in Jesus Christ.
That is all the more likely to be the case when the potential member is
recruited from within the church by other church members. If a man knows that
the pastor or another church leader is a Lodge member, Freemasonry is
effectively endorsed by church leadership. If it were not compatible with
Christianity, the pastor wouldn’t be involved, he may reason. When he goes
into the Lodge, he will likely view what he sees through Christian glasses, or
through a Christian paradigm. Many men mistakenly believe that Freemasonry is a
Christian organization because they are misled by their Christian paradigm. They
have no appropriate paradigm which allows them to accurately understand
A paradigm is a model of reality. All of us have paradigms
whether we realize it or not. We interpret literally everything we see through
one or more of our paradigms. Paradigms often dictate how we are able to view
something. If we do not understand how an inappropriate paradigm can confuse our
understanding, we are easily misled.
In order to understand how the use of an inappropriate
paradigm - or set of paradigms - can cause confusion, consider a man who had
never seen or heard of an airplane. Try to interpret things through his eyes as
he deals with a new experience. He has no concept of manned flight. He has a
variety of experiences which have allowed him to form a set of valid paradigms -
models of reality - for his previous experiences. If we were to get him to sit
next to the pilot of a small two place Cessna and the pilot started the engine
at the end of the runway which stretched out before them, would the man would
think, "We are about to fly."? Of course not. He does not recognize
the concrete surface in front of him as a runway, but rather as a road. He has
no concept of an airplane or of an appropriate surface on which an airplane
would take off and land. If he looks off to the right and sees an orange wind
sock held perpendicular to the runway by a stiff breeze, he knows that the wind
is blowing briskly. His wind paradigm allows him to understand something he
cannot see, but he does not fathom the great significance of the cross wind in
that particular situation. He will understand the sound of the engine for what
it is; he has seen engines on tractors, trucks and other machinery. He expects
engines to create noise and possibly some visible smoke from the exhaust. He
cannot see any fuel, or the fuel tanks hidden in the wings, but he would
intuitively know that both were present because his paradigm would require them.
He is unable to correctly understand part of what he sees and hears because he
filters what he sees through his past experiences and education. When they start
down the runway, he possibly understands that a propeller is much like a fan and
therefore, it is not surprising that it pulls them down the road. He will see
the propeller as a fan because he has a paradigm which allows it. If he had no
fan paradigm, he would likely assume that the wheels were somehow driven
directly by the engine, as most other vehicles are; he could be quite puzzled by
the propeller. When the wheels leave the ground and he looks down, all of a
sudden he gets a new paradigm and he is then able to understand things in the
future based upon this new paradigm. It would allow him to understand the
possibility of traveling from Washington to London in a way other than by sea,
for instance. After a few takeoffs and landings in a stiff cross wind, he will
no longer view the taut wind sock in quite the same calm manner. Until he gains
the set of new paradigms which allow him to understand manned flight, he will
not be able to understand how inappropriate and misleading his earlier paradigms
had been to this new situation.
How we view new experiences
Everything new we experience will be viewed initially through
our existing paradigms. We usually give no thought to whether or not our
paradigms might confuse us. We usually come to know that our previous
experiences have not prepared us to understand something new only when what we
perceive clearly falls outside of the realm of possibility. At that point, we
learn that the paradigm we were attempting to use is invalid. When we come to
understand reality, we develop a new paradigm which is valid for the new
A great many of the Masons who claim to be Christians are
confused about the true nature of Freemasonry because they are misled by their
paradigms. When a man who is a Christian petitions for Lodge membership, he is
investigated. The investigating committee will ask him a series of questions.
They may ask his neighbors and others who know him about his character . The
mere fact that he is investigated will cause him to believe that Freemasonry is
very particular about the character and beliefs of the men who are admitted for
membership. The process of investigation may cause him to view Freemasonry all
the more favorably because everyone is not accepted. One of the questions which
is always asked is, "Do you have faith in the existence of A Supreme
Being?" Most Christians, without giving it a second thought, will interpret
this question as "Do you have faith in God?" Many Masons actually
believe that a man must have faith in God to be a Mason. Some believe that a man
must be a Christian to be admitted, yet the Jewish Mason knows better. Does
Freemasonry actually require faith in God? Your answer to that question will
likely be determined based upon your understanding of the phrase "A Supreme
Being." That understanding may be the result of the use of a paradigm which
models God as the only Supreme Being.
God as revealed in the Scriptures
The Scriptures, the written foundation of Christianity,
reveal that there is only one God who created the heavens, the earth and man.
I am the Lord, and there is no other; apart from Me there is no
In the beginning God created the heavens and the earth.
Then God said, "Let Us make man in Our image, according to
The Scriptures reveal that God is a Spirit.
God is a Spirit; and they that worship Him must worship in
spirit and in truth.
Scripture contains many accounts of men worshipping false
gods. A good example would be those who worshipped Baal at Mt. Camel (1 Kings
18). Scripture makes clear that there are many false gods and that many people
groups have worshiped them.
For all the gods of the nations are idols: but the LORD made
Pagans are those who worship a god who is not the God of
Abraham, Isaac and Jacob. The Scripture reveals that those who have not embraced
Jesus Christ do not have the God of Abraham, Isaac and Jacob.
Anyone who goes too far and does not abide in the teaching of
Christ, does not have God; the one who abides in the teaching, he has both the
Father and the Son. (2 John 9)
Another fact revealed in Scripture is that false gods, for
example those of the Gentile peoples which surrounded Israel, are actually
What do I mean then? That a thing sacrificed to idols is
anything, or that an idol is anything? No, but I say that the things which the
Gentiles sacrifice, they sacrifice to demons and not to God; and I do not want
you to become sharers in demons. You cannot drink the cup of the Lord and the
cup of demons; you cannot partake of the table of the Lord and the table of
(1 Cor 10:19-21)
The Trinitarian nature of God has been revealed many places
in Scripture. God is revealed as Father, Son and Holy Spirit. These three
manifestations of God always act in unity and agreement. Jesus, the Son, said:
"I and the Father are one."
The Holy Spirit is also revealed as God:
But Peter said, "Ananias, why has Satan filled your
heart to lie to the Holy Spirit and to keep back some of the price of the
land? "While it remained unsold, did it not remain your own? And after it
was sold, was it not under your control? Why is it that you have conceived this
deed in your heart? You have not lied to men but to God."
Paul expressed the Trinitarian nature of God in the
dispensing of the gifts of the Holy Spirit:
Therefore I make known to you that no one speaking by the
Spirit of God says, "Jesus is accursed"; and no one can say,
"Jesus is Lord," except by the Holy Spirit. Now there are
varieties of gifts, but the same Spirit. And there are varieties of
ministries, and the same Lord. There are varieties of effects, but the
same God who works all things in all persons.
(1 Cor 12:3-6)
The Christian Paradigm
The Christian paradigm - the model of reality - concerning
God and false gods is formed on the basis of the contents of Scripture. We know
that there is only one God who exists as Father, Son and Holy Spirit. We know
that pagans neither worship God, nor have faith in Jesus Christ as one person of
the Trinity. We know that pagans worship demons, rather than God. We understand
that all those who do not follow in the teachings of Jesus, those who do not
view Jesus as God and the Son of God do not have God. Jesus explained that those
who know Him, know the Father.
So they were saying to Him, "Where is Your
Father?" Jesus answered, "You know neither Me nor My Father; if you
knew Me, you would know My Father also."
Scripture states the crucial importance of knowing Jesus. A
person cannot come to the Father, except through Him:
Jesus said to him, "I am the way, and the truth, and the
life; no one comes to the Father but through Me.
Non-Christian paradigms of God
When Freemasonry interviews a pagan who has petitioned for
Lodge membership - for instance a Mormon, Moslem, or Hindu - they ask him if he
has faith in the existence of "A Supreme Being." Members of all three
of these groups are able to answer yes and may be admitted for membership.
Actually they interpret the question much as a Christian would and will
understand the question as, "Do you have faith in God?" When they
answer yes, are they actually expressing faith in God, or are they expressing
faith in a false god?
The Mormon Paradigm
The Mormon is able to answer affirmatively, that he has faith
in the existence of "A Supreme Being," as he has faith in the Mormon
god Elohim. Mormons believe that Elohim was once a man who lived on a planet
near a star named Kolob. Elohim did not create the planet, the star named Kolob,
or anything else on the planet upon which he was born. Elohim was simply a man.
As part of his salvation experience, Elohim was exalted into Godhood and given a
planet (Earth) to populate with spirit children produced through celestial sex
with his goddess wives. The first born of these spirit children was the Mormon
Jesus. Lucifer is another of Elohim’s spirit children, making Jesus and
Lucifer brothers, according to Mormon doctrine. Mormons claim faith in the
Father, Son and Holy Spirit, but they do not believe that these are three
personalities of the same Spirit. Mormonism teaches that the Father and the Son
both have physical bodies. It teaches that the Holy Ghost is a "personage
of Spirit" and does not have a body of flesh and bones like the Father and
the Son. Mormons do not believe in the Trinitarian God.
Notice that it is necessary to understand both the
Mormon paradigm and the Christian paradigm about God in order to know that
Mormonism is in error. Try to view God using the Mormon paradigm and then the
Christian paradigm. Notice that using either the Christian or Mormon paradigm, a
person would be able to state that they believe in God, or even that they
believe in the Father, Son and Holy Spirit. Without understanding both the
Christian and the Mormon paradigms, it would be impossible to know how the
answer, "Yes.," is actually the answer to two different perceptions of
the question concerning faith in the existence of "A Supreme Being."
The Christian is implicitly stating, "Yes, I have faith in the existence of
God the Father, Son and Holy Spirit, one God with three personalities." The
Mormon is implicitly stating, "Yes, I have faith in God who was once a man
living on another planet and also believe in his first born son - a spirit child
- a separate spirit." The Christian who is able to view the question,
switching between the two paradigms is able to see the problems. Mormons are not
strangers to Freemasonry. Joseph Smith, the founder of Mormonism, was a Mason.
His brother Hiram and Brigham Young were also Masons. Mormon temple rituals are
based upon Masonic ritual.
The Moslem paradigm
A Moslem who is asked if he has faith in the existence of
"A Supreme Being" is able to answer affirmatively because he has faith
in Allah. "There is no God but Allah and Muhammad is his prophet," is
an often repeated phrase within Moslem circles. Islam was founded by Muhammad
who was born approximately A.D. 570 in Mecca. Muhammad encountered both Judaism
and Christianity on the trade routes he traveled with a camel caravan. In A.D.
610, Muhammad reported that he had been visited by the angel Gabriel. The
message Muhammad claimed to have received from Gabriel became the essence of the
Koran, the holy book of Islam. Islam was founded in Arabia in approximately A.D.
628-630, 600 years after the resurrection of Jesus Christ . The Arabian peoples
belonged to many different tribes who worshiped different pagan deities.
Muhammad taught that there was only one God and that his name was Allah. Before
Muhammad received his revelation, Allah was the supreme Deity already familiar
to the Bedouin people of northern Arabia. Muhammad purged Mecca of hundreds of
its pagan gods, establishing a monotheistic religion. Muhammad used a scimitar,
or large knife, to kill those who worshipped other gods in his drive to
"rid the Ka’aba of idolatry." (Shriners use the scimitar, the
crescent moon and star of Islam as symbols for the Shrine, declare that Allah is
the God of their fathers and take an oath upon the Koran.) Muhammad and Islam
decreed death to all those who do not worship Allah. The people of Islam were no
better off after Muhammad "purged idolatry" from the Ka’aba than
they were before, because they simply exchanged the worship of one demon for
another. Moslems claim that Allah is the God of Abraham, Isaac and Jacob, yet
they teach that he has no son. Islam teaches that Jesus is only a prophet,
inferior to Muhammad.
Since the Christian paradigm holds that God is Father, Son
and Holy Spirit, while the Moslem paradigm models God as Allah alone, we can
easily understand that the Moslem envisions a false reality when he is asked if
he has faith in the existence of "A Supreme Being." He believes that
his faith in Allah is faith in THE Supreme Being. He is mistaken; Allah is a
false god, or demon.
The Hindu Paradigm
The Hindu is able to respond to the question, "Do you
have faith in the existence of A Supreme Being?" affirmatively through his
faith in Brahman, one or more of the incarnations of Vishnu, or one of the many
other Hindu gods. If Hindus believe in many gods, how could a Hindu truthfully
state that he has faith in the existence of "A Supreme Being?" The
Hindu paradigm concerning God is quite different from the Christian paradigm.
Hinduism adheres to monotheism, monism and pantheism, simultaneously. Monotheism
is the belief that there is only one God. Monism is a philosophy that holds that
everything is an extension of one reality. All differentiation is an illusion
which is absorbed into the one source of all that exists. Pantheism is the
belief that everything is God. This misconception of the nature of God forms the
essence of Hinduism. Brahman is believed to be the life-principle or force that
exists in all that is. Man is not a separate spiritual entity apart from the
spiritual entity who created him. Rather, man and every thing that exists is a
part of Brahman. Although Hinduism worships many lesser gods, they are viewed as
extensions of Brahman. Therefore, when a Hindu looks at the worship of other
Hindu gods, he views this worship as worship of extensions of Brahman who is all
that is. Brahman and the lesser gods are all one essence. Hindus are tolerant of
other religions because they see a similarity in all of them. They view truth as
the essence of all religions. Hinduism holds that all religions embrace the same
essential truth, yet they have substantial variations in doctrine. These
variations of doctrine are thought to be due to the application of the same
essential truth to different human situations. All religions are viewed as an
extension of the one universal religion. With a knowledge of the Hindu and
Christian paradigms concerning false gods, we can understand that the Hindu’s
affirmative answer to the question about faith in the existence of "A
Supreme Being" would be the result of confusion on his part. His paradigm
of God is misleading him. Since his paradigm holds that all gods are an
extension of Brahman, he would believe that he has faith in the existence of the
same God which Christians worship, although he would believe that our
understanding of God is limited.
The Masonic Paradigm
Freemasonry is able to accept the Christian’s faith in the
Father, Son and Holy Spirit as faith in the existence of "A Supreme
Being." Similarly, Freemasonry is able to accept the Mormon’s faith in a
god who was once a man living on another planet as faith in the existence of
"A Supreme Being." Freemasonry likewise accepts the Moslems faith in
Allah, a god who has no son, as faith in the existence of "A Supreme
Being." The Hindu is also able to satisfy the Masonic requirement of faith
in the existence of "A Supreme Being" with his faith that everything
that exists is part of Brahman. How is Freemasonry able to accept these
different, incompatible concepts of God as expressions of faith in the existence
of A (SINGULAR) Supreme Being? Freemasonry is able to do this essentially
because the Masonic paradigm of God holds that all men worship the same God,
simply using a variety of different names. Somewhat like Hinduism, Freemasonry
holds that all of the various gods, along with the God of Abraham, Isaac and
Jacob are all in essence the same God, viewed from the different vantage points
of the many world religions. Freemasonry rejects the concept of a false god, as
well as the concept of false religion. These Masonic teachings are clearly
explained in Masonic Monitors, Masonic Code and other Masonic materials
published by the authorities of Freemasonry, the Grand Lodges. Consider the
"There never was a false god, nor was there ever
really a false religion, unless you call a child a false man." - Max
Quoted in Louisiana Masonic Monitor, 1949
Not only does Freemasonry teach that all false gods are
actually God by another name, Freemasonry applies teachings of eternal life to
all Masons, with or without faith in Jesus Christ:
As Masons we have one faith, one hope, one charity. We
believe in, and depend upon the same God, have the same hope of eternal life,
and that same charity which is of an enduring and uniting nature, which will
enable all the good and true to keep the unity of the spirit in the bond of
peace and in righteousness of life.
Kentucky Monitor, p. 169
The Masonic concept of monotheism is much like the Hindu
concept of monotheism, rather than the Christian view which dictates that there
is One God and many false gods. Hindu monotheism views all of the various Hindu
deities and all gods of other religions as merely extensions of Brahman and
therefore actually the same deity. Masonic monotheism holds that all of the
various gods of all false religions are the same God as the God of Abraham,
Isaac and Jacob. Freemasonry requires that its members believe in one God.
Additionally, Freemasonry requires that its members accept the Masonic doctrine
known as the Fatherhood of God, Brotherhood of man. This last requirement is not
stated verbally, but rather is implemented by acceptance of organizational
"The first of the universally recognized Landmarks of
Freemasonry states that ‘monotheism is the sole dogma of Freemasonry. Belief
in one God is required of every initiate, but his conception of the Supreme
Being is left to his own interpretation. Freemasonry is not concerned with
theological distinctions. This is the basis of our universality.’"
Indiana Mentor’s Manual, p. 19
Masonry has no religious dogma other than that it requires a
belief in Deity. Any man, good and true, whether he be Christian, Jew,
Mohammedan, Parsee, Buddhist, Brahman or Deist may be admitted to Masonry
because all these religions require a belief in Deity.
Masonic Code of Alabama, p. 141, 1963
To the altar of Freemasonry all men bring their most votive
offerings. Around it all men, whether they have received their teachings from
Confucius, Zoroaster, Moses, Mohammad or the founder of the Christian
religion--just so long as they believe in the universality of the fatherhood of
God and universality of the brotherhood of man--meet upon a common level. The
Jew returns to his synagogue, the Mohammedan to his mosque and the Christian to
his temple--each better prepared for the solemn duties of life by the
associations in this universal brotherhood.
Louisiana Monitor, p. 150, 1988
The Fatherhood of God, Brotherhood of man doctrine embodies
the foundation of Masonic teaching. It holds that there is one God who is the
Father of all men and is worshiped by men of any and all religions. Freemasonry
teaches that the Father, Son and Holy Spirit is the same spirit which the Hindus
worship as Brahman, the Moslems worship as Allah, the Mormons worship as Elohim,
and the Zoroastrians (Parsees) worship as Ahura Mazdah.
All Masons implicitly embrace the doctrine of the Fatherhood
of God, Brotherhood of man; they put it into practice when they participate in
Lodge. Freemasonry prohibits a "discussion of religion" within the
Lodge. When a candidate is brought before the Lodge to be voted into membership,
no one is allowed to ask if the candidate is a Hindu, Moslem, Mormon, Buddhist,
or if he claims to be a Christian. By voting to admit men who may not have faith
in Jesus Christ as God into membership, or by sitting in Lodge with such men,
the "Christian" Mason and all other Masons put the Fatherhood of God,
Brotherhood of man doctrine into practice. By sitting in Lodge, or recognizing
other men as Masons, a man implicitly agrees that the other men have met the key
requirements for membership. Those requirements are that they believe in the
existence of "A Supreme Being" and that they believe that there is
only one God. Scripture states that anyone who does not abide in the teachings
of Jesus does not have God. (2 John 9) Jesus said, "No one comes to the
Father but by Me. (John 14:6) Freemasonry disagrees.
Each Mason, at one point in our ceremonies, expresses a
belief in the existence of a Supreme Being. To refuse or decline to do so would
have denied him the privileges of Freemasonry. We welcome to our doors and admit
to our privileges Worthy men of all faiths and creeds who possess the
indispensable qualifications, and bar none because of their faith or creed.
Masonry and the Mason, Grand Lodge of Texas, p.7, 1997
If a particular Mason were to believe the teachings of
Christianity and understand the Christian paradigm which holds that the
sacrifices of pagans are offered to demons rather than God, he could not
knowingly accept a man who has faith in a false god as one who has faith in the
existence of "A Supreme Being." To do so would be to take the
inconsistent position that demons are Supreme Beings.
The difficulties in joining men of incompatible religions
around the altar of universal religion becomes obvious when the issue of prayer
is considered. Freemasonry cannot choose the god of any well known false
religion as the object of worship, as even immature Christians would recognize
the error immediately. Similarly, they cannot choose Jesus Christ, or the Holy
Trinity as the object of worship because Jews, Moslems and others in the Lodge
would be offended. The obvious solution is to to keep Jesus out of the Lodge and
attempt to cause all present to believe or pretend that they are praying to the
same spirit they worship when they meet congregationally with others who
practice their particular religion. Freemasonry solves this problem with the
Masonic paradigm that all men worship the same God, simply using different
Freemasons offer prayer to a god who is known as the Great
Architect of the Universe (GAOTU.) Freemasonry defines the nature of the GAOTU
with adherence to the Fatherhood of God, Brotherhood of man doctrine. The GAOTU
is implicitly defined as Father, Son, Holy Spirit, Allah, the Mormon Elohim,
Ahura Mazdah, Baal, Molech and all other false gods which have ever been named
by man. When Freemasonry causes pagans to join in prayer to the GAOTU, are they
then worshiping the God of Abraham, Isaac and Jacob? No, they are still
worshiping demons, as would be any Christian who would join with them.
Participation in Freemasonry ensnares a man in idolatry.
In the Lodge, prayer is offered by one man for all present.
Grand Lodges confirm the nature of Masonic teachings and prayer:
A Mason offering prayer in the Lodge may pray to his God --
observing his own conception of Deity. . . . None should take umbrage because he
addresses his prayer to his own conception of Deity. He must use prayer in the
Ritual in all ritualistic ceremonies. Any other prayer is out of order in such
Masonic Code of Alabama, p. 141-2, 1963
When addressing the Deity in prayer it should never be done in a
way that excludes Brothers of other faiths and of necessity should be inclusive
and universal, not sectarian or denominational.
Masonic Manual of Minnesota, p109, 1998
Masons believe that there is one God and that people employ many
different ways to seek and to express what they know of God. Masons primarily
uses (sic) the appellation, "Grand Architect of the Universe," and
other non-sectarian titles, to address Deity. In this way, persons of different
faiths may join together in prayer, concentrating on God rather than on
differences among themselves. Masonry believes in religious freedom and that the
relationship between the individual and God is personal, private, and sacred.
Masonic Manual of Minnesota, p16, 1998
The Grand Lodge of Indiana reveals that the object of prayer
in the Lodge, the GAOTU is not actually God, but rather merely a symbol:
"One fundamental of Freemasonry is its non-sectarian
character. Any man may offer his devotions to the Deity he reveres, under the
Masonic title, no matter what name he may use in his religious worship. Thus,
Great Architect of the Universe (or any of its variations) is a symbol of Deity
as named and worshiped in all religions.
Indiana Mentor’s Manual, p. 49
Christians who accurately understand the Masonic paradigm
concerning God will never become a Mason. Those who become aware of the Masonic
paradigm after joining the Lodge will renounce Freemasonry. Genuine Christians
will not knowingly worship at a pagan altar, be it a Masonic altar or any other.
Church leaders should include teaching about false concepts
of God as part of the church’s educational program. Some have claimed that we
should simply preach the Gospel and ignore error. That is not a sound position
for two very obvious reasons. First, addressing error is Scriptural. Paul wrote:
I solemnly charge you in the presence of God and of Christ
Jesus, who is to judge the living and the dead, and by His appearing and His
kingdom: preach the word; be ready in season and out of season; reprove, rebuke,
exhort, with great patience and instruction. For the time will come when they
will not endure sound doctrine; but wanting to have their ears tickled, they
will accumulate for themselves teachers in accordance to their own desires, and
will turn away their ears from the truth and will turn aside to myths. But you,
be sober in all things, endure hardship, do the work of an evangelist, fulfill
(2 Tim 4:1-5)
John clearly explained how to recognize the heresies of the
Beloved, do not believe every spirit, but test the spirits to
see whether they are from God, because many false prophets have gone out into
the world. By this you know the Spirit of God: every spirit that confesses that
Jesus Christ has come in the flesh is from God; and every spirit that does
not confess Jesus is not from God; this is the spirit of the Antichrist, of
which you have heard that it is coming, and now it is already in the world.
(1 John 4:1-3)
We should recognize the spirit behind Freemasonry for what it
is. Freemasonry does not confess Jesus. Second, simply preaching the Gospel will
not keep church members from becoming ensnared in paganism. Proof of this is
present within many churches and often within leadership. Many church members
are Masons and members of other pagan fraternal orders, such as the Elks,
Eagles, Moose, Odd Fellows, etc. If all church members understood the Masonic
paradigm, they would be able to instantly recognize the same heresy when it is
taught in other fraternal orders. Freemasonry is the archetype for virtually all
other fraternal orders.
Dialog with "Christian" Freemasons has provided
evidence that many of them not only understand the Masonic paradigm
concerning God, but are willing to defend it. Very few men who are active
in Freemasonry over a period of time are ignorant. It is generally the new
Mason, or the inactive Mason who is misled.
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